Ongoing biodiversity loss, in particular the loss of species and their populations, is caused by multiple factors. To combat this loss, state action that takes the various influencing causes into account, is required. The German Federal Nature Conservation Agency (BfN) works on the advancement and development of national and international species conservation law, in accordance with ecological and conservation principles. The individual regulations, within this body of law, target direct and indirect threats. Direct threats include the commercial trade in wild plants and animals, while indirect threats refer to impacts on species habitats and locations.
Alongside dealing with fundamental issues of the ecology and conservation of animal and plant species and communities, BfN analyses the threat and situational characteristics of native species, their habitats and locations. The resulting knowledge forms the basis for strategies, guidelines and recommendations regarding species conservation issues, action plans and interventions.